No other city was as connected with the Bach family as the present-day capital of Thuringia. In the 17 century, Erfurt's musical life was heavily influenced by various members of the Bach family, several of which were head of the Erfurt Orchestra or musicians. 61 children of the widely ramified Bach family were christened in the Kaufmannskirche in Erfurt and 12 Bach couples married here, including Johann Sebastian’s parents. Most members of the family lived in Erfurt, and it is from here that their music spread across all of Central Germany. In 1716, Johann Sebastian examined the organ of the Augustinian Church. It is said that he often resided in the city when visiting relatives.